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About KSA


Saudi Arabia,[c] officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA),[d] is a country in Western Asia. It spans the vast majority of the Arabian Peninsula, with a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi). Saudi Arabia is the fourth-largest Asian country by area, the largest in Western Asia, and the second-largest in the Arab world. It is bordered by Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait to the north, the Persian Gulf, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, Yemen to the south, and the Red Sea to west. Bahrain is an island country off the east coast. In the northwest, the Gulf of Aqaba, which measures 24 km (15 mi) at its widest point, separates Saudi Arabia from Egypt. Saudi Arabia is the only country with a coastline along both the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland, steppe, and mountains. Its capital and largest city is Riyadh. The country is home to Mecca and Medina, the two holiest cities in Islam.


Saudi Arabia’s official language and the principal language utilized in all business and public transactions is Arabic. In the Kingdom, English is used as an informal second language and is spoken by a considerable portion of the population. All traffic signs are multilingual, with information shown in both Arabic and English.


Saudi Arabia’s rich heritage and customs have been formed by its historical commerce center status and as the birthplace of Islam. In recent years, the Kingdom has experienced a considerable cultural transition, adapting centuries-old rituals to the modern world.

Seasons and Climate:

From mid-March until mid-June

Spring in Saudi Arabia may be chilly, especially in the north, where temperatures at night can fall below 15 degrees Celsius. The center and southern parts are warmer, with temperatures averaging approximately 20 degrees after dark. Rainfall is at its peak in the spring, especially in the central and southern areas.

From mid-July to mid-September

Summer marks the beginning of rising temperatures over most of the nation, with the average hovering around 45 degrees C, with the exception of the comparatively moderate highlands in the southwest. The temperatures are milder in the early mornings and late evenings, so take advantage of the warm seas to explore Saudi’s world-class scuba diving locations, or try sailing and snorkeling.

From mid-September until mid-December

Autumn provides milder temperatures and calm winds to Saudi Arabia’s northern and southern mountains. Evenings are warmer and ideal for outdoor wandering, especially along Jeddah’s seafront, indulging in outdoor eating, or exploring Al Ahsa’s refreshing desert springs.

From mid-December until mid-March

Take advantage of the great winter weather in Saudi Arabia to tour the nation. Camping, rock climbing, and visiting Saudi Arabia’s beautiful highlands and vibrant towns, from Riyadh to Jeddah, are all possible during the warm days and cold evenings. The average winter temperature is in the teens, but tourists may be fortunate enough to observe snowfall in the northern highlands, covering the slopes and desert sands.

Exchange and transactions:

In Saudi Arabia, currency exchange and transactions are simple. The Saudi riyal (SAR) is the country’s official currency, and it is divisible into 100 halala.

You will be given notes in the denominations of five riyals, ten riyals, fifty riyals, one hundred riyals, and 500 riyals, as well as coins in the denominations of one riyal, two riyals, fifty halala, twenty-five halala, ten halala and five halala.

Currency Exchange:

Currency exchange services are provided by all banks in the kingdom. Exchange bureaus may be found in airports, retail malls, and several other sites around the country. Visa, MasterCard, and American Express credit cards are accepted across the kingdom. ATMs are generally available as well.

Send and receive money:

You can receive or send money in Saudi Arabia via transferring cash online or through a bank that provides quick money transfer services, all of which are subjected to the Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority’s laws and regulations (SAMA).


Saudi Arabia levies a 15% indirect tax (VAT) on all products and services purchased and supplied by businesses. There are a couple of exceptions.

Laws & Etiquette:

Dress code:

Individual establishments have different dress codes; some are more casual, while others are more formal. Places of worship, in particular, ask visitors to dress modestly.


Disrespectful conduct includes using foul language, being loud, and invading other people’s personal space. Respectful public demeanor is always recommended.


Certain stores close for a limited period of time during prayer times to allow for worship. During the holy month of Ramadan, the country’s pace shifts to a more calm, spiritual one.

Alcohol & Substances:

The sale, purchase, and use of alcoholic beverages and narcotics is prohibited in Saudi Arabia.

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